National Coalition for Vision Health


Since this definition of visual impairment is self-reported, it can be expected to be significantly greater than that determined by an eye test (visual acuity measure).

The Vision Loss Epidemic in Canada

A study commissioned for the National Coalition for Vision Health in January 2007; defined visual impairment as people with visual acuity of between 6/12 and 6/60 and blindness as being a visual acuity of less than 6/60. Under this definition:

Blindness and Aging

Medical Statistics

Eye Diseases



Age-related Macular Degeneration

Diabetic Retinopathy

Vision Health Funding - Canada vs. U.S.

Financial Cost of Blindness

Education and Children Who Are Blind

Employment and Income

Adults with permanent vision loss have high needs in these areas. The 2001 PALS study reported that only 32% of adults with vision loss aged 15-64 had employment (part-time or full-time). This compares disfavourably with Canadians with all disabilities at 46%, and Canadians with no disability at 71%. In terms of mean income, persons with vision loss had a personal mean income of $19, 100, compared with $21, 500 for all people with disabilities, and $29,090 for the population of Canadians with no disabilities.